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Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery > Volume 29(6); 1986 > Article
Korean Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 1986;29(6): 825-33.
A Clinical Study on Vocal Cord Paralysis
Soon Kwan Hong, MD, Lee Suk Kim, MD, Yang Gi Min, MD, Sang Il Lee, MD, and Man Kee Paik, MD
Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Korea
성대마비에 관한 임상적 고찰
홍순관 · 김리석 · 민양기 · 이상일 · 백만기
서울대학교 의과대학 이비인후과학교실
ABSTRACT

One hundred and ninety four cases of the vocal cord paralysis from January 1973 to December 1985 were analysed on etiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, and management. The results were as follows ; 1) Among 194 cases, by sex distribution, the male were 112 cases(57.7%) and the female 82 cases(42.3%). By age distribution, most of the cases(161 cases ; 83.0%) were from 3rd decade to 7th decade. 2) In etiology, 64 cases (33.0%) were by the unknown origin, 30 cases(15.5%) by the surgical trauma, 26 cases(13.4%) by the neoplasm, 25 cases(12.9%) by the non-surgical trauma, 15 cases(7.7%) by the mechanical origin, 7 cases(3.6%) by the inflammatory origin, and 5 cases(2.6%) by the central origin. 3) In laterality of the paralysed vocal cord, 108 cases(55.7%) were in the left cord, 60 cases(30.9%) in the right cord and 26 cases(13.4%) in both cords. 4) In position, most of the cases(134 cases ; 69.1%) were in the paramedian position. 5) In chief complaints, most of the cases(142 cases ; 73.2%) had hoarseness only. 6) Among 194 cases, 145 cases were lost during follow-up period. 40 cases were surgically managed and 9 cases spontaneously recovered. Thyroplasy was performed in 12 cases(24.5%), Teflon injection in 10 cases(20.4%), both of thyroplasty and Teflon injection in 2 cases(4.1%), tracheostomy in 13 cases(26.5%), endolaryngeal arytenoidectomy in 3 cases(6.1%), and spontaneous recovery was observed in 9 cases(18.4%).

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